Core Conditions


Kolden, Gregory G.; Klein, Marjorie H.; Wang, Chia-Chiang; Austin, Sara B. (2011) Congruence/genuineness. Psychotherapy 48(1) 65-71


Therapists must first embrace the idea of striving for genuineness with their clients. This involves acceptance of and receptivity to experiencing with the client as well as a willingness to use this information in discourse. The congruent therapist is responsible for his or her feelings and reactions and this 'ownership of feelings is specified' (Rogers et al., 1967, p. 377). This might include the therapist's thinking out loud about why he or she said or did something. This experiential stance serves an attachment function (bonding) as well as a role function (guides behavior) for the therapy relationship. Therapists can mindfully develop the intrapersonal quality of congruence. As with all complex skills, this will require discipline, practice and effort. Solicitation of feedback from colleagues, supervisors, peers, and perhaps clients (when appropriate) might also enhance the development of the capacity for relational authenticity.

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Elliott, Robert, Bohart, Art, Watson, Jean C. and Greenberg, Leslie S. (2011) Empathy. Pscyhotherapy 48(1) 43-49

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Farber, Barry A. & Dollin, Erin M. (2011). Positive regard. Psychotherapy 48 (1) 58-64

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